Bamiyan is a province in the central highlands of Afghanistan, locally known as Hazarajat. Its population consists of predominately Hazaras, who make up the third largest ethnic group in Afghanistan.
The province attracts tourists from around the world because of its visual and archaeological beauty, for example its series of six deep blue lakes (one of the few rare natural lakes in the world which are created by travertine systems) - known as the Band-e Amir lakes - and the remains (niches) of the Buddhas of Bamiyan (built in 507 AD and 554 AD). The giant Buddhas were destroyed under a series of attacks by the Afghan King Amir Abdur Rahman Khan and later, the Taliban. In this set of photos, you can see how the Buddhas were gradually destroyed and completely obliterated.
After years of war and mass-murder of its population rooted in ethnic/sectarian violence, the province of Bamiyan is now one of the four most secure provinces in Afghanistan, which stands in stark contrast with Bamiyan’s neighboring provinces in eastern Afghanistan, whom are extremely insecure. The cultural heritage and natural beauty of this province has helped it attract thousands of tourists from all around the world.
April 21, 1989: Tiananmen Square Protests Begin
On this day in 1989, students began protesting in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, the symbolic central space of China. Several weeks later, when the government sent in the army to end the demonstrations, the citizens of Beijing poured into the streets in support of the students.
The demonstrations ended in a massacre on the night of June 3-4, when the government sent the troops into the city with orders to clear Tiananmen Square. One day later, a single, unarmed young man stood his ground before a column of tanks on the Avenue of Eternal Peace. Captured on film and video by Western journalists, this extraordinary confrontation became an icon of the struggle for freedom around the world.
In 2012, FRONTLINE took a look back at how the iconic image of the “tank man” came to be, more than twenty years after the massacre at Tiananmen Square.
Photo: A Chinese man stands alone to block a line of tanks heading east on Beijing’s Changan Blvd. in Tiananmen Square on June 5, 1989. (AP/Jeff Widener)
It’s National Library Week!
Visit the Getty Research Institute’s RSS feed at the Internet Archive. We scan and upload thousands of texts a month, including this recent addition, “Les Types de Paris,” a 19th-century book featuring drawings and writings about “typical” Parisians.
Illustrations from “Les Types de Paris,” 1889, Edmond de Goncourt (author) and Jean-François Raffaëlli (artist). Getty Research Institute.
April 7, 1994: Rwanda Civil War Begins
Twenty years ago today, Hutu gunmen systematically start tracking down and killing moderate Hutu politicians and Tutsi leaders. The deputy to the U.S. ambassador in Rwanda tells Washington that the killings involve not just political murders, but genocide.
Thousands die on the first day, setting off 100 days of slaughter.
Follow FRONTLINE’s Rwandan Genocide timeline to learn about significant events, statements and decisions that reveal how the United States and the West chose not to act to save hundreds of thousands of lives in the Rwandan genocide of 1994.
Photo: A woman consoles Bizimana Emmanuel, 22, during the 20th anniversary commemoration of the 1994 genocide at Amahoro Stadium April 7, 2014 in Kigali, Rwanda. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)